Periodontal disease is a common inflammatory condition that affects the tooth's supporting and surrounding soft gum tissues. If the gum infections are not addressed at the earliest, they may eventually affect the jawbone leading to tooth loss. At Broadmoor Dental in Colorado Springs, CO 80905, we provide effective periodontal disease treatments to keep your gums in the pink of health.
What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is often preceded by gingivitis, a bacterial infection affecting the gum tissue. The infected gums will begin to irritate and inflame the gum tissues. Once this bacterial infection forms gum pockets between the teeth, it becomes more challenging to remove and treat them. Periodontal disease is an advancing condition that eventually destroys the connective soft tissue and jawbone. If left untreated, periodontal disease can cause loose teeth, and eventually tooth loss.
Treatment for Periodontal Disease
Based on the severity of the problem, there are various treatment options.
Scaling and root planing therapy is the first line of treatment for gum disease. The plaque and tartar are removed from your teeth using an ultrasonic cleaning device in this procedure. The areas under the gum line, on and around the tooth's surface, are cleaned meticulously. Next, the rough surface of the tooth and the root are smoothed out. This will ensure a healthy, clean surface that makes it easier for the gum tissue to reattach to the tooth. If your gum disease is addressed before it becomes severe, scaling and root planing may be the only therapy you need.
Surgical Treatment Options
Pocket Depth Reduction
In a healthy oral cavity, the teeth are firmly held by gum tissue and steadily supported by the jawbones. Periodontal disease destroys these bones and tissues, creating open spaces around the teeth called pockets. The pockets will provide a breeding ground for bacterial accumulations leading to more damage over time. Eventually, the supportive structures begin to decline, resulting in tooth loss. The gum tissue is folded back during a pocket reduction surgery, and the hardened plaque and tartar are removed. When the pocket size has been reduced, it will allow for the reattachment of the gums to the teeth.
When the supporting structures of the teeth have been lost due to advanced gum disease, a regeneration procedure can restore these areas. During this process, gum tissues are cleaned of bacteria, plaque, and tartar. A bone graft may be performed to encourage new bone growth.
Gum recession can expose more of the tooth structure. This can make teeth appear longer and sensitive to hot or cold foods. During a soft-tissue graft, tissue from the palate of your mouth or another source is attached to the gum area, concealing the roots and restoring the gum line.
To learn more about our periodontal disease treatments, visit the Broadmoor Dental office at 1930 S Nevada Ave, Colorado Springs, CO 80905. You can also reach us at (719) 576-5566.